Феминизированные семена каннабиса генетически модифицированы для получения только женских растений. Как правило, из семени каннабиса вырастает мужское или женское растение, так как весь этот процес определяется X- и Y-хромосомами. Растение с двумя X-хромосомами будет женским на 99.99%, в то время как растение с X- и Y-хромосомами почти всегда будет мужским.Женские растения компании Royal Queen Seeds производят мужские цветки, благодаря обработке гиббереллиновой кислотой, которая превращает женские растения в гермафродиты и позволяет получать семена только с женскими хромосомами.
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WHAT ARE FEMINIZED SEEDS?
Feminized cannabis seeds are genetically engineered to only become female plants, and they almost always (99.9%) do so.
Feminized seeds tend to be designed to produce photoperiod plants. Photoperiod cannabis blooms depending on the daylight/darkness hours. Out in nature, cannabis starts to flower at the end of summer when the days get shorter. Indoors, photoperiod cannabis is kept in the vegetative phase until the grower is ready to induce bloom by reducing light hours.
FEMINIZED CANNABIS SEEDS AT A GLANCE
- High amount of cannabinoids compared to male cannabis. Strains are often bred for maximum potency and aroma.
- Seeds are 99.9% feminized, so plants will almost always develop into females.
- No need to check sex of plants, and no need to discard male plants.
- Feminized strains are usually photoperiod strains, meaning they’re light cycle-dependent.
At Royal Queen Seeds, all feminized seeds are labelled and categorised as such, so you won’t get confused when making a purchase.
WHO USES FEMINIZED STRAINS AND WHY?
- Recreational users enjoy the stoning, relaxing, euphoric, or uplifting high induced by feminized strains. Given the vast variety of options out there, users can find some chill time in the evening or enjoy an energetic daytime buzz, depending on what they’re after.
- Those who use cannabis for holistic purposes also choose feminized strains for their pronounced effect. They may find that the THC lifts their mood and helps them wind down in tense situations, or simply takes the edge off whatever symptom they’re dealing with.
SATIVA, INDICA, HYBRID, AND RUDERALIS STRAINS
There are a few distinct types, or subspecies, of cannabis.
Indicas were thought to produce a heavy “stoned” feeling while sativas were said to produce an energising high better suited for the day. Recently, however, evidence is mounting that the effect of a given strain has more to do with the terpene profile of a strain—not the subspecies it belongs to.
Where there are more distinct differences between the subspecies, however, is in their growth and morphology:
- Indicas grow short and bushy, with wide leaves. They’re often quite robust, and grow in many environments.
- Sativas grow taller, slimmer, and with thin, elongated leaves. These sun-loving plants usually do best in a hot climate. The flowering time is usually longer compared to indicas.
Most cannabis strains these days aren’t pure indicas or sativas. Rather, they are hybrids combining indica and sativa characteristics, and thus their growing characteristics vary.
There is another, often unmentioned subspecies to consider called Cannabis ruderalis. What’s interesting, though, is that ruderalis is naturally autoflowering. As a result, breeders can use ruderalis genetics to make autoflowering varieties of classic photoperiod strains.
Many cannabis strains require at least 60–70 days to mature their buds, with some taking even longer. For growers in regions with short summers and rainy autumns, this can be problematic.
Fast-flowering strains have been bred to help with this issue. They can be ready to harvest after a short 6–7 weeks of bloom, meaning cultivators can bring them in during mid/late-September with little risk of rain destroying their harvest.
HOW TO GROW FEMINIZED SEEDS
We’ve already mentioned how feminized seeds are easier to grow than regular seeds.
INDOORS VS OUTDOORS
When growing indoors, manually adjusting your light/dark schedule is necessary. Growers will usually do this when plants have reached an appropriate height (about ½ of the desired final height). Simply enough, this is because plants will often stretch early on in their flowering phase, so they need room to grow appropriately.
To initiate flowering of feminized cannabis indoors, the grower will switch the lights to a 12/12 schedule. The longer dark period will simulate autumn conditions and trigger the plants to start flowering.
Outdoors, planting your feminized cannabis in an optimal climate and during the right season is pivotal. Why? Because sunlight hours change depending on the season, and your plants need a specific schedule to thrive. To satisfy this need, you will usually want to plant them in spring (when there’s no frost) and harvest in fall.
OPTIMAL TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY FOR GROWING FEMINIZED CANNABIS
In general, feminized cannabis likes moderate temperatures (around 21°C) for healthy growth. Any extremes can lead to stunted growth and other troubles.
The optimal humidity level for your cannabis plants will depend on their stage in the life cycle. As a rule, seedlings and plants in the vegetative phase prefer a more humid environment. Reduce relative humidity to 40–50% when plants are flowering to reduce the risk of mould.
WHAT KIND OF SOIL SHOULD YOU USE FOR FEMINIZED SEEDS?
Cannabis does best when grown in nutrient-rich, well-aerated, and well-draining soil. Most store-bought soil is already optimised for growing cannabis. If you’re using natural soil, you can amend it with perlite, coco, vermiculite, compost, or worm castings so it’s better suited for weed.
WHAT KIND OF NUTRIENTS SHOULD YOU USE FOR FEMINIZED CANNABIS PLANTS?
To start, it’ll need nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, the three major “macronutrients”. It will also need micronutrients including calcium, iron, magnesium, copper, and various others.
Commercial cannabis nutrients usually contain all the required macro and micronutrients, but make sure you feed according to the recommended dosages (or slightly less).
Make note that cannabis has different nutrient requirements during the vegetative and flowering stages. Because of this, cannabis fertilisers often come in two varieties; one for growth, one for flowering.
WHAT KIND OF WATER DO FEMINIZED CANNABIS PLANTS NEED?
When watering cannabis growing in soil, it’s important that your water/nutrient solution has the optimal pH level of around 6–7. Otherwise, your plants won’t be able to take in nutrients even if they’re there. Fortunately, you can adjust your tap water to the right pH level with a few drops of pH down or up products.
Feminized Cannabis Seeds: Questions & Answers
How much time do I need to grow feminized cannabis? Whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors, the timing, as always, depends on the strain. Some varieties, like indicas, grow relatively fast, with short flowering periods of 6–7 weeks. Other strains, such as Hazes, take double the time to flower.
If you want to harvest in the quickest time possible, plant fast-flowering varieties or feminized autoflowers. Some of these are ready only 60 days after germination. Can you grow different feminized strains in the same grow room? It’s possible to grow different strains in one grow room, but it comes with a learning curve.
Different strains can grow to different heights, have different nutrient requirements, and will be ready at different times. You may also need to use plant training techniques (pruning, cropping, etc.) to keep an even canopy under your grow light. Why does cannabis produce terpenes? Cannabis, as well as other plants, produces these aromatic substances as a natural defence against pests, and to attract pollinators. This is also evidenced by cannabis’ tendency to develop more intense aromatic compounds when dealing with an infestation. What is sinsemilla? “Sinsemilla” is a Spanish word meaning “without seeds”. Now, pretty much all decent cannabis is sinsemilla, so the word has lost its original meaning. It’s good to keep in mind, however, as it’s still sometimes used to describe quality cannabis. What are hermaphrodites? Aside from the two typical cannabis plant sexes, your plant could also be a hermaphrodite. Should this happen, the plant will exhibit both female and male characteristics. Namely, as the plant matures, it will develop both buds and pollen sacs.
The most common reason this happens is plant stress. It could be due to an interruption in the dark period during flowering, which triggers “re-vegging”, or it could be other stress factors in the environment, including pests, extreme temperatures, and shifts in humidity. What are landraces? Landraces are types of cannabis that developed in their natural environment. One could also say these are pure, original cannabis strains. Some landraces originated in the Hindu Kush region of Afghanistan and Pakistan, but they can also be found in Africa, Jamaica, Asia, South America, and Russia.
Феминизированные семена каннабиса генетически модифицированы для получения только женских растений. Как правило, из семени каннабиса вырастает мужское или женское растение