How To Grow Weeds From Seeds To Harvest Pdf

Want to grow weed indoors but need tips? With this step-by-step-guide we will learn you everything you need to now for a succesfull grow. Happy growing! Making Marijuana-Growing Legal and Its Effects If you've ever thought of growing cannabis outdoors, then this comprehensive guide is for you. We discuss climate, soil, nutrients, watering, and more.

How to Grow Weed Indoors
(15 Step Beginner Guide)

This is the Step-by-Step guide to How to Grow Weed Indoors for Beginners.

In this new guide you will learn:

  • Why & when grow indoors
  • The pros and cons
  • 10 steps in the preparation phase
  • 5 steps in the growth phase
  • Lots more

In short: if you are a beginner and you want learn how to grow weed indoors, this guide will get you started!

Let’s get started!

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  • Happy growing!
  • Why grow indoors?
  • Steps to growing indoors
  • Step 1. Choose your location
  • Step 2. Choose your grow tent
  • Step 3. Choose your lights
  • Step 4. Choose your ventilation
  • Step 5. Choose your air conditioning/heating units
  • Step 6. Choose your pots
  • Step 7. Pick the right tools
  • Step 8. Buy your seeds
  • Step 9. Purchase nutrients
  • Step 10. Pick your growing medium
  • Step 11. Germinate your seeds (3–10 days)
  • Step 12. Taking care of your seedlings (2–3 weeks)
  • Step 13. Caring during the vegetative stage (3-16 weeks)
  • Step 14. Treatment during the flowering stage (8-11 weeks)
  • Step 15. Harvest and dry your buds (1-3 weeks)

Why Grow Indoors?

One might imagine an expansive outdoor field or a greenhouse when they think about growing weed.

Doing it indoors instead can offer a variety of benefits — especially for beginners.

If you’re looking to keep a close eye on your plants and hoping for a controlled setup, this might be a suitable option for you!

A wonderful thing about growing weed is that this plant can survive, and even thrive, in numerous setups, whether outdoors or inside.

Choosing to move your project indoors offers advantages that are quite beneficial for beginner growers. There are also a fair amount of disadvantages you need to be aware of before proceeding.

Pros to Indoor Growing

  • Environmental control
  • Management of soil
  • Grow year-round
  • Discreet
  • High THC percentages
Environmental Control

Weed requires specific nutrients and conditions to grow successfully. Factors such as moisture and light control are essential throughout the process. Growing weed indoors offers you the chance to take greater care of your environment than you can outdoors.

Monitor your lighting needs with the help of lamps and tents. Temperature control is also easier, thanks to central units and individual stations like the use of fans. Furthermore, you’re able to water at your discretion without the fear of unknown weather conditions encroaching on your yield.

Since a plant’s needs differ from species to species, this enables you to monitor a variety of strains at once.

Management of Soil

Taking control of the soil outside, while possible, is much more complex than the manageable situation you have inside. Where outdoors you have, at times, unfavorable conditions to worry about, indoors you’re able to control your soil conditions.

Factors include how much water the soil receives and when that happens. On the flip side, you don’t have to worry about your soil drying up.

Grow Year-Round

This is a major bonus to indoor growing because it indicates you can harvest more than once per year. An outside harvest, unless you are opting for autoflowering plants, occurs just once a year and usually in the fall.

With your controllable indoor conditions, you’re able to grow a wider variety. It also provides more room to quickly recover from your mistakes (don’t worry, it happens) — it won’t require you waiting an entire year to adjust your methods accordingly.


With the help of ventilation systems with a carbon filter (this is indispensable!), growing indoors doesn’t have to permeate your entire home with a total skunk aroma. It allows you to be more discreet about your endeavors, instead of planting in your publicly-exposed yard or garden.

High THC Percentages

Rumor has it that growing indoors means better quality, once again, thanks to all that control you have.

By high quality here, we mean strong strains with a robust THC content. Are potent buds a deciding factor for you? Growing indoors will be your best bet.

Cons to Indoor Growing

  • Costly endeavor
  • Labor intensive
  • Lower yield
  • The legalities
Costly Endeavor

One of the biggest drawbacks to growing indoors are the resources required to pull it off. All of the environmental control factors aren’t free, after all.

From your setup to ongoing costs, you have to factor in supplies such as lights and electricity and water bills, to name a few. Ventilation setups aren’t cheap either but are also necessary.

It’s not essential to go high-end here, but the other side of that coin is going too cheap and risking an unsuccessful yield. As you’ll find out, it’s crucial you maintain each step of the growing process with quality and care.

Labor Intensive

Much of growing outdoors means leaving it up to nature. It’s risky, yes, but this also means less work on your part.

Those indoor environmental controls don’t just happen automatically — they require precise, dedicated labor and lots of it. From everyday upkeep to obsessing over the conditions in rough summer months, you’ll have to keep tabs on your plants daily.

Do you like to vacation frequently? This is something to consider here. You can’t leave your plants on a whim and just keep your fingers crossed. You’ll need a backup plan or trustworthy partner to help care for them while you’re away.

Lower Yield

Space is a big part of the equation when determining how large your plants will grow. Growing outdoors offers plants that yield up to 900 grams per meter squared, whereas indoors, the largest you’ll get is around half of that.

Given you can harvest more than once per year indoors, it could even out in the end — depending on your time commitment to the project.

The Legalities Around Growing Indoors

Understanding the specific legislation around the growing and consuming of marijuana is tricky. Uruguay, for example, legalized growing up to 6 plants for personal use in 2013. In the Netherlands, there is a policy of toleration. However, in the US it is still mostly illegal under federal law, aside from the 2018 Hemp Farming Act. This legalized growing marijuana so long as it contains less than 0.3 percent THC (read: it doesn’t get you high).

This makes it crucial that you research and know your state’s laws specifically, to avoid any troubles in the future. Factors that vary based on state include how many plants you can grow at once, which may limit your countering of the lower-yield point above.

In Colorado, for example, you can grow up to six plants and be in possession of 1 ounce — so long as you’re 21 years of age or older.

Steps to Growing Weed Indoors

Are you ready for all the choices you have to make where growing is concerned? We delve into detail later, but, in brief, these include the following:


Step 1. Choose Your Location
Step 2. Choose Your Grow Tent
Step 3. Choose Your Lights
Step 4. Choose Your Ventilation
Step 5. Choose Your Air Conditioning/Heating Units
Step 6. Choose Your Pots
Step 7. Pick the Right Tools
Step 8. Buy your Seeds
Step 9. Purchase Nutrients
Step 10. Pick your Growing Medium


Step 11. Germinate your seeds (3–10 days)
Step 12. Taking care of your Seedlings (2–3 weeks)
Step 13. Caring during the Vegetative Stage (3-16 weeks)
Step 14. Treatment during the Flowering Stage (8-11 weeks)
Step 15. Harvest and Dry your Buds (1-3 weeks)

It’s time to Build Your Grow Space!

This exciting phase is when you get to see all that forethought and dreaming come to life.

Step 1. Choose Your Location

Choosing a grow space is one of the first considerations you’ll make. Some key points to keep in mind include the following:

  • Ventilation/carbon filter
  • Discretion
  • Size of space
  • Noise

Ventilation and a good carbon filter are a must, which indicates you’ll need access to a nearby window where you can filter out the carbonated air. Otherwise, your house will smell of weed real quick.

Secondly, putting a grow box in a high-traffic area of your home isn’t a good idea. A laundry room or basement would be ideal as these spaces are private and allow you to keep things on the down-low.

Make sure to measure your space before assuming your grow box will fit. Take into account access to electricity and your ventilation system.

Lastly, your fans are bound to make some noise. Make sure your grow box isn’t too close to your home office or baby’s room. This would get annoying.

Step 2. Choose Your Grow Tent

How many plants are you looking to grow at once? What size space is available? These are questions to keep in mind when picking out a grow tent.

Smaller tents (approximately 2 feet by 4 feet) will house around 3 plants. However, if you are willing to spend a little more, larger ones have a capacity of up to 50(!) plants, depending on their size. Grow tents are available as small as 1m2. / 11ft2. all the way up to 10m2 / 108ft2.

The best-quality grow tents are made from a heavy-duty plastic covering and reflective insides to bounce all that light back to your plants. Flaps, adhesive taping, and zippers will be on the closing points to ensure no outside light or air enters.

Step 3. Choose Your Lights

There are two main types of grow lights:

HPS lights, despite being the older option, do offer an advantage when it comes to yield. Sinds the rise of the LED light its popularity has slightly diminished because HPS does have a few drawbacks.

The fact that it uses substantially more power is a common complaint. They also give off a lot of heat (which can be both an advantage as well as a disadvantage, depending on the circumstances). At the same time, they’re fairly budget-friendly, although they last nowhere near as long as LED lights.

If you live in a cold climate, HPS lights might serve you better as they tend to offer more heat (sometimes too much heat).

One of the major advantages of LED lights is that they last significantly longer. LED lamps also produce less heat, so additional heat in the winter might be necessary. They cost more upfront but offer enhanced longevity in return.

If your demand is a bit lower and your climate is mild or even warm, LED lights could be a better, more economical choice.

Step 4. Choose Your Ventilation

It might be obvious, but it’s also easy to forget. Weed smells! Sometimes it’s bad, other times not. Regardless, it can come with a very potent aroma that, most likely, you don’t want that floating around your house or in the vicinity.

A ventilation system cleans the air, dumping it outside. We recommend using a carbon filter, so the air pushed outdoors isn’t skunky either.

Other benefits of a ventilation system include:

  • Helps control humidity
  • Decreases pest and plant diseases
  • Keeps CO2 in balance
  • Lessens stress of heat
  • Circulates fresh air
  • Prevents pungent odor from getting out.

Depending on the size of your grow space, your ventilation system will differ, of course. Two of your main tools here will be an exhaust fan and an oscillating fan.

Keep in mind that oscillating fans below 6 inches in diameter won’t be strong enough for the job, regardless of your tent size. If those are all you have, use at least two of them.

Step 5. Choose Your Air Conditioning/Heating Units

If you have a medium-to-large size grow room, you may want to consider an air conditioning unit to increase the ventilation inside. Furthermore, your climate plays a large role as to whether you need to invest in such units.

Imagine you’re furnishing a home. Do you live in a hot climate where it’ll be difficult to maintain the temperature inside? An AC unit might be necessary. On the contrary, super cold climates will require further heating mechanisms than lights alone.

During the night or a “dark period,” the optimal temperature will be around 68°F / 20°C to 75°F / 24°C to give you an idea. If your temps are consistently falling below 59°F / 15 °C or above 80°F / 27°C, consider adding on to your ventilation system with AC or heat.

Step 6. Choose Your Pots

The most obvious thing to keep in mind here is that your pots should fit comfortably, not squished, in your grow tent. Cloth or fabric pots are an inexpensive option and also popular for other reasons.

First, they offer adequate airflow, which means your plants will be prime for absorbing nutrients. Furthermore, you’ll benefit from good drainage as well. This can help you avoid problems such as root rot.

Look for fabric pots that are BPA-free and that have outside seams along the bottom, which help hold the pot together over time.

There are various sizes of pots available on the market, ranging from 1.5 – 5 gallons / 6 – 19 liters, with 3 gallons being the most commonly used. If you have sufficient room in your grow space, consider using the 5 gallon / 19 liter pots.

Why is the pot size so important?

Generally speaking, the larger the pots, the larger the plants. This will eventually benefit your yield which is, of course, your endgame.

Cannabis plants grow long, winding roots; if they are limited, your roots can become “root-bound”. This means that there is not enough room for the roots to grow. As a result, they cannot fully develop and will therefore not be able to absorb sufficient nutrients. This leads to nutrient deficiencies. Nutrient deficiencies will result in smaller plants or worse, your plants may even die!

See also  Cbd Weed Vs Thc Seed

3 gallon / 11 liter pots provide a good balance between pot size and room to grow – your cannabis roots have enough room for a decent grow, while the pot doesn’t take up too much space in your grow room so you can grow more plants in a limited space.

Step 7. Pick the Right Tools

Your initial space is now set up, and other tools are needed. These include:

  • Shovel: For digging, of course!
  • Watering supplies: A watering can is indispensable.
  • Scissors: Necessary for many tasks including pruning and cloning.
  • Hygrometer: Measures humidity, CO2 and more.
  • Temperature gauge: So you know how to adjust your AC/heat/lights.
  • Plastic gloves: Unless you don’t mind getting a bit dirty.
  • pH meter: You’ll need to keep an eye on the pH of soil and water when growing on cocos or hydro.
  • Rope: Often useful for rigging lights into place.
  • Bamboo sticks: To keep plants growing upright.

Depending on your budget, you can go as budget-friendly or high-end as you want here. Keep in mind that quality influences costs. While it may not be necessary to buy expensive plastic gloves, cutting corners on something like a hygrometer may not be wise.

Up next: Seeds, Nutrients and Growing Mediums

We warned you there was a cost to growing indoors and yes, you still have more items to purchase! Don’t fear. With a high-quality setup, some potent buds could be right around the corner.

Step 8. Buy your Seeds

It’s crucial to pick premium seeds — why else would you have invested in all this equipment? With high-quality strains, you’ll have better germination results, which is the start of your entire growing process.

A robust beginning will increase your chances of a better aroma, taste, growth, and yield. Our article the best indoor strains for beginners can help you distinguish from a list of great choices, for starters.

Step 9. Purchase Nutrients

You’ll require items such as fertilizer for your plants, starting when your little leafy babies are around three to four weeks old. What you use will depend on your growing medium.

You have to be careful here because under-fertilizing or giving too much can both lead to adverse effects.

Crafted bacteria and fungi solutions are useful for growth size and flowering success. One we love at Marijuana Seed Breeders is the Mycorrhiza Mix.

pH-equalizing solutions are also available when you come across difficulties where that’s concerned.

With all nutrients, there’s a variety of quality brands on the market.

Step 10. Pick your Growing Medium

Your nutrients, their dosage, and other factors all hinge on the type of growing medium you use. Each has its pros and cons:

Soil is not just a great option for beginners, in fact, it is recommended for everyone! Soil most resembles the way plants grow in nature. It retains a good amount of the nutrients it’s fed, easier to maintain your moisture balance and can be used multiple times. Aside from that, you will not have to sour your PHP and you will have more flexibility in terms of feeding times, which leaves room for error/experimentation since this option is the most forgiving.

On the downside, root-bound plants can appear quickly, which means the roots have outgrown their container. However, root-bound can easily be prevented by not pre-growing your plants for too long before you put them in bloom.

Another minor disadvantage is that replace the soil can be a tough job and you need to have room to dump it afterward or you’ll need to dispose of it.

A hydroponic setup means the plants are put directly into water only, and no other medium. Nutrients are absorbed quickly, and most strains grow more rapidly than with other mediums. Furthermore, nutrient issues show up right away and are easy to manage when they do.

Unfortunately, mold, fungus and root rot can occur since they’re planted in water. You have to stay on top of this to catch it right away. There’s also less of a buffer than with soil, which means it’s often recommended for advanced growers.

Types of hydro mediums include rockwool slabs, which may come as part of a growing kit.

Some say this is the “happy medium” of the two above. Plants placed in cocopeat tend to take in nutrients easily but might not hold them for as long as other mediums. Grow time falls in-between the soil and hydro setups.

The pitfalls here include a minimal buffer zone, should a feeding be missed, and high pH levels can occur easily, among others. It’s also only recommended for growers with at least some experience.

It’s Grow Time!

The growing process occurs in five distinct steps. We outline them, in brief, below. For further instructions, please follow up with our other guides.

Step 11. Germinate your Cannabis Seeds (3–10 days)

At Marijuana Seed Breeders, we prefer to use the Spongepot method. One of the major upsides here is that we include supplies, such as the soil enhancer. Want to know more about Germination? Read our in-depth guide: how to germinate weed seeds.

The temperature will need to remain at 72°F / 22°C – 79°F / 26°C throughout the process.

You’ll be waiting to see the root “pop” out during this phase. Once it has, the new seedling will begin to grow.

Step 12. Taking care of your Seedlings (2–3 weeks)

Leaves will start sprouting now, yeah! The plants will require 18 hours of light per day.

A baby seedling will initially have just one blade on its leaves. Once the blades begin to multiply and grow between five and seven blades per leaf, you’ll know it’s time for the vegetative phase.

Step 13. Caring during the Vegetative Stage (3-16 weeks)

Light, water, and food will be increasingly important at this juncture. Your plants will continue to need around 18 hours of light as they grow each day.

Watering methods will be intuitive and based on the looks of each strain. Are your bottom leaves starting to look droopy or a bit sad? Up their water intake. Stop watering when you notice a small amount of water pooling around the base of the plant.

What about nutrients? It’s important to read the labels of the products you’re using to determine the appropriate amounts.

Step 14. Treatment during the Flowering Stage (8-11 weeks)

Are you excited for those buds to appear? We’ve now reached that stage, and it’s an exciting one. Patience is a virtue, and at this point, and you’ll bring down the lights to 12 hours daily. During the off times, make sure your grow tent is well sealed to keep any light from coming in.

Step 15. Harvest and Dry your Buds (1-3 weeks)

Now you get to see the real fruits of your labor. Job well done.

When the hairy bits, called trichomes, around your buds start to change color from a white to an amber hue, you know it’s time to harvest. You’ll carefully cut the buds from the plants and prepare for the drying process.

There are two ways to go about it:

Hang Upside Down
This is a popular method, and you’ll do this directly after cutting the plants. You’ll notice the little leaves will shrivel up, and you can remove the larger ones. Work delicately around the buds to keep them, and their THC content, intact.

Use Drying Nets
You’ll cut them down similarly to the method above. Instead of hanging them upside down, though, you’ll use a net material instead.

Somehow, we’ve found the buds to look nicer this way than with the method above. This could be why businesses often use this method in commercial settings. However, we’ve also concluded that the THC content may drop with this method.

How Do We Know When They’re Ready?
Are the small branches bendable? If you can easily bend them, they need more time. Instead, if you find they break off, chances are the plant is done drying.

Do you live in a climate with high humidity? It could take longer for your plants to dry, so don’t fret and wait it out. An additional heater could help your cause.

Happy Growing!

This was it! Our guide to how to grow weed indoors!

The planning and procuring stage is a large part of the process. Get organized and stay that way. It’s an investment, after all.

The environmental controls, soil management and year-round growing are all reasons to start the journey indoors, as opposed to outside. Use the best materials you can afford and don’t skimp on seeds and nutrients. It’ll pay off in the long run.

Take advantage of our supplies on offer to get the most out of the growing experience. Best of luck to you and enjoy the process!

The Only Grow Book You Will Ever Need Green

Images about production and medical use of Dronabinol – delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol

! THIS IS NO MANUAL AND MUST NOT BE FOLLOWED (!) BY ANY READER ! The production of Dronabinol (medically usable (-)-trans-delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol or delta9-THC) is strictly forbidden for private people in Germany (and generally worldwide). According to the Federal Narcotics and Drug Law (BtMG and AMG), a person who produces it without a license by the Federal Narcotics Office (BOpSt) at the Federal Institute for Pharmaceuticals and Medical Products (BfArM), as well as without a production license and surveillance through the respective state authorities, faces prosecution which generally leads to high financial and prison punishments. Alone in Germany, the state does in form of local police, the States’ (LKA’s) and the Federal Crime Offices (BKA) accompanied by the border and customs police (ZFA) and Europol together with all of its authorities and all their objectives whatever they can, not to let that happen – together with all efforts to stop its distribution and / or sale of course. Even medical doctors, pharmacists, (bio-)chemists and biologists or other professionals went to jail for misconduct. I am sure, in your country too. But Dronabinol is – and with special licenses even medical Marihuana – since March 1996 available in German pharmacies, but it is only financed for private patients. Smoking the necessary amount of industrial hemp (about 5 – 30 x that of ‚drug hemp‘) – and contrary to many believes – works very well and even non-medically. Therefore, people outside of the agricultural business and / or without the necessary license are, by means of the BtmG not allowed to grow industrial hemp, since it, alas, also shows non-medical effects, even with its low amounts of Dronabinol. And to take parts off from it additionally is theft ! 1st Edition DOI: 10.13140/2.1.2697.9202

Breeders Bible


D u r r e e s a m i n J o u r n a l (I S S N : 2 2 0 4-9 8 2 7) Abstract Opium cannabis and coca bush have different species and strains. They require specific climate conditions for their cultivation. These conditions may vary among different strains. Opium poppy plant can be harvested between 3-4 months after planting, when the poppies are in full bloom. Cultivating the coca plant are similar throughout Peru, Bolivia and Colombia there are differences in techniques because of terrain, tradition and other factors. Cannabis was cultivated by outdoor, hydroponic, aeroponic cultivation method. Cocaine is produced by extraction method. 80-90%pure cocaine hydrochloride is obtained by this method. In illicit production large number of batches with small quantities are produced.

Why is it so difficult to determine the yield of indoor cannabis plantations? A case study from the Netherlands

A B S T R A C T Together, the Netherlands and Belgium are the largest indoor cannabis producing countries in Europe. In both countries, legal prosecution procedure of convicted illicit cannabis growers usually includes recovery of the profits gained. However, it is not easy to make a reliable estimation of the latter profits, due to the wide range of factors that determine indoor cannabis yields and eventual selling prices. In the Netherlands, since 2005, a reference model is used that assumes a constant yield (g) per plant for a given indoor cannabis plant density. Later, in 2011, a new model was developed in Belgium for yield estimation of Belgian indoor cannabis plantations that assumes a constant yield per m 2 of growth surface, provided that a number of growth conditions are met. Indoor cannabis plantations in the Netherlands and Belgium share similar technical characteristics. As a result, for indoor cannabis plantations in both countries, both aforementioned yield estimation models should yield similar yield estimations. By means of a real-case study from the Netherlands, we show that the reliability of both models is hampered by a number of flaws and unmet preconditions. The Dutch model is based on a regression equation that makes use of ill-defined plant development stages, assumes a linear plant growth, does not discriminate between different plantation size categories and does not include other important yield determining factors (such as fertilization). The Belgian model addresses some of the latter shortcomings, but its applicability is constrained by a number of preconditions including plantation size between 50 and 1000 plants; cultivation in individual pots with peat soil; 600 W (electrical power) assimilation lamps; constant temperature between 20 C and 30 C; adequate fertilizer application and plants unaffected by pests and diseases. Judiciary in both the Netherlands and Belgium require robust indoor cannabis yield models for adequate legal prosecution of illicit indoor cannabis growth operations. To that aim, the current models should be optimized whereas the validity of their application should be examined case by case.

How to Grow Marijuana Outdoors: A Beginner’s Guide

Although it’s possible to purchase high-quality weed from a dispensary, there are few things more thrilling than growing cannabis outdoors.

See also  Seedman Weed Seeds

Having the ability to choose the right marijuana strain, the ideal location, and the best possible soil is one thing. Possessing the patience to see the entire project through is quite another.

If you live in a state where an outdoor grow is permitted, then this article is for you. This step-by-step guide will go through everything you need to know and show you how to grow marijuana outdoors.

EDITOR’S CHOICE – Homegrown CannabisCo

Homegrown CannabisCo are the masters when it comes to seeds. Offering a massive variety of cannabis seeds that are well categorized, not only does this company create a resource for superb quality options including feminized seeds, it also provides extensive growing information for those looking for some support along their journey.

Growing Marijuana Outdoors: The Beginner’s Guide

Just to be clear, growing cannabis is a time-consuming process. However, it is also an extremely rewarding one. This is a guide for a first-time grower who wants to grow quality cannabis without breaking the bank. If this is your first outdoor grow, and you miss a single step, then you may end up with a disappointing yield.

It is also an outdoor growing guide designed for small-scale cultivation. It is crucial that you check your state’s laws before proceeding. For example, weed is legal for recreational use in Colorado. You can grow marijuana plants as long as you’re aged 21 or over.

However, all marijuana growing areas must be enclosed, locked, and they can’t be viewed from the outside. In other words, it is tricky to grow cannabis outside and meet all state laws.

Incidentally, Colorado residential properties are allowed to grow a maximum of 12 plants, while medicinal marijuana growers are permitted up to 24.

We are offering this guide with the assumption that it is legal to grow marijuana plants in your state. First and foremost, it is imperative that you have the right climate for optimum growth.

Benefits of Growing Marijuana Outdoors

There’s no doubt that growing marijuana outdoors comes with challenges (which we address later on), but it also has a list of cool benefits:

  • Eco-Friendly:Indoor growing uses a lot of electricity because it requires so much lighting, not to mention ventilation systems and other equipment. In California, it’s estimated that growing marijuana indoors uses the equivalent of 200 pounds of coal to grow just a single pound. Outdoor growing needs sun, air, water, and minimal equipment for your plants to survive.
  • Better Quality Buds: Marijuana that is grown outdoors carries a distinctive flavor and aroma. As long as you choose the right strain, you’ll enjoy every single smoke.
  • Low Cost: Assuming that you have selected the right location, outdoor growing offers unlimited sun, fresh air, carbon dioxide, and rainwater. Buy the best seeds, take good care of them, and when they sprout, they’ll need minimal maintenance. Once you learn how to handle pests and inclement weather, you’ll be surprised how easy it is to grow marijuana outdoors.
  • Larger Yields: It is common for outdoor marijuana plants to grow nearly six feet tall. Plants of this size offer 500 grams of dried bud. A harvest from just six plants is usually enough to provide you with a year’s supply of premium cannabis.

Step #1: Determine the Climate in Which You’re Going to Grow the Marijuana

Climate is all-important when growing cannabis, with the primary concern being the amount of available sunlight. While this isn’t a problem in sun-kissed California, not every American state has the same luxury. However, don’t assume that glorious sunny weather is perfect for growing flowers.

When growing cannabis outdoors, you have to realize that, while weed is reasonably adaptable to different weather conditions, it is still vulnerable to temperature extremes.

For example, sustained temperatures of over 86 degrees Fahrenheit can prevent growth. On the other hand, temperatures below 55 degrees could kill your precious plants.

Step #2: Choose the Best Possible Location

Outdoor cannabis plants love basking in the sun. Therefore, find a plot that offers at least five hours of sunshine a day. Once again, residents of certain towns and cities will find it easier than most. For example, those who live in San Diego will experience 14 hours of sunlight during the Summer Solstice (June 21).

As we mentioned above, make sure the temperature of your location does not exceed 86 degrees. If your area regularly surpasses this temperature, then you will need to be careful where you cultivate your plants.

Look for a plot that gets direct sunlight early in the day and filtered sun later in the afternoon. It is also ideal if you can find a place that offers a constant breeze. However, bear in mind that this increases water consumption.

Areas that are subject to high wind will need a wall or hedge to act as a windbreak. Then there is the small matter of privacy and security.

Even if it is legal to grow outdoors in your location, there will always be judgmental individuals and possible thieves. Try and plant your marijuana so that it is hidden behind tall fences or shrubs.

It may also be worth investing in wire cages to keep animals at bay. As already mentioned, some plants often grow over six feet tall. However, some plants, when grown outdoors, can become so tall that they resemble mini-skyscrapers. These plants can sometimes be over twelve feet in height, so make sure you plan for this.

Some Potential Grow Sites for Outdoor Growers

It isn’t easy to find the best location. Not only must it offer ideal growing conditions, but it must also be safe from discovery, even when planting legally. If you are adhering to the law, private property is best because you have full access and can control security. Otherwise, you have to risk public property, which increases the chances of discovery.

Some places to consider for an outdoor grow include:

  • Balcony: This allows easy access; however, it is also highly visible. Frosted plastic film can conceal your plants and reduce the spread of the scent. As the U.S. is in the northern hemisphere, it is best if your balcony faces south. This will ensure your plants get the most sunlight during the day.
  • Personal Garden: Again, your plants are highly visible but easily accessible. If you have the right security measures in place, this is the best location.
  • Roof Terrace: Guarantees the maximum amount of sun, but strong winds and odors are an issue.
  • A Forest: Streams provide an excellent source of water. Alternatively, you can dig a couple of feet into the earth to find groundwater. It is well hidden, but just about anyone could stumble upon your stash. As the soil is also likely to be acidic, it is best to use huge pots filled with premium-quality soil.
  • An Open Field: You will need to camouflage it with other plants that are capable of growing as tall as marijuana. Look for land where nettles grow. This is a sign that the soil is filled with nitrogen, which is an essential nutrient for healthy marijuana growth.

Tips for Choosing a Grow Site

When choosing the ideal location for your outdoor grow, look for the following features:

  • Sunlight: More sunlight equals bigger plants and larger yields.
  • Water: Marijuana plants thrive in most areas as long as they get enough water.
  • Wind: A gentle breeze is perfect because it helps develop robust root systems. Heavy winds can damage or destroy a crop.
  • Soil: We explore soil choice below, but suffice to say, it has to be rich in the right kind of nutrients.
  • Access: You don’t need to spend as much time tending to outdoor plants as their indoor counterparts. However, you still have to visit your crop every couple of weeks. This helps you identify if they lack nutrients, need more water, or are infested with pests.
  • Security: If your crop is easy to access, don’t be surprised if someone comes in and helps themselves. Also, we urge you not to break the law. Getting caught will lead to a massive fine and possibly jail time.

Step #3: Buy the Best Soil for Your Plants

We are assuming that you intend to grow your cannabis plants from seed. In this case, you should germinate indoors during the early spring. In a warmer climate, seeds can start to sprout by early April. If you live in cold weather, this process probably won’t happen until May.

Typically, seeds only begin to germinate when exposed to constant temperatures of 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Experts suggest keeping your plants indoors for up to four weeks before bringing them outside when the weather is more suitable.

When choosing the right soil, bear in mind that it is made up primarily of clay, sand, and silt. Your plants require slightly acidic soil with organic matter that has been adequately drained. Therefore, you have to test the soil if you intend to plant your cannabis directly in the earth.

Different Types of Soil

If you decide to use the soil in the earth, make sure you have its pH tested. Otherwise, purchase the soil from a garden store. Please remember that even store-bought soil could use added nutrients from compost. Your options include:

  • Clay-Rich Soil: This is heavy, doesn’t hold oxygen particularly well, and drains very slowly. Around four weeks before you start planting, dig the holes for the marijuana. Add significant amounts of manure, compost, and any other decomposed organic matter. This process improves drainage, offers aeration, and ensures your marijuana plants receive adequate nutrients.
  • Sand-Rich Soil: This is a good option because it drains well and warms quickly. On the downside, it doesn’t hold nutrients very well, and this can be problematic in wetter climates. Dig holes for the plants and add peat moss and compost to bind the soil together. If you live in a warm environment, mulch the soil to prevent the roots from overheating. This process also helps the soil retain water.
  • Silt-Rich Soil: This is the best soil for growing marijuana plants because it warms rapidly. It also has excellent drainage, holds moisture, and is easy to work with. You will find the best silty soil at the bottom of lakes or in prehistoric riverbeds.

Step #4: Add Some Fertilizer to the Plants

For outdoor growers, it is best if you skip commercial fertilizers and focus on organic fertilizers. You should add it to the soil before planting and throughout the growth cycle. Natural options include:

  • Compost
  • Kelp Meal
  • Blood meal
  • Fish meal
  • Worm castings

Adding these to the soil before planting means you won’t have to add as much fertilizer during the growing cycle. After planting your marijuana in premium quality soil, you don’t need to add anything else for a few weeks.

It is tempting to make your soil amendments with store-bought fertilizers, but remember, they are filled with chemicals. This can significantly impact the flavor and aroma of the finished product.

If you elect to purchase soil from a store, don’t assume that it has a balanced pH level. Also, don’t think that it will maintain this standard for the duration of the season, either. Ideally, your soil’s pH will be 7.0. However, it may change over the course of a couple of months and become too alkaline or acidic.

It is a fact that some store-bought soils are too acidic at the beginning. This means you have to use organic fertilizers after a couple of weeks because the plants are lacking crucial nutrients.

Composting is the way forward because it is cheap and relatively simple. You can also add all sorts of organic matter from fruit clippings to animal manure. Avoid using meat or animal fat as it will attract pests.

Make sure you layer the compost heap and ensure it has proper airflow. Turn the heap every few weeks and test the pH regularly to ensure it is balanced. These days, consumers are turning to super-soil to help fertilize their plants. This is organic pre-fertilized soil, which contains all the nutrients your marijuana needs.

Step #5: The Importance of Properly Watering Your Cannabis Plants

Obviously, your plants need water, and the benefit of growing outdoors is that your marijuana should be exposed to rainwater. However, in places like California, the hot summer months mean minimal rainfall, so you have to water your plants manually. The main danger is overwatering your cannabis. A good rule of thumb is that a large plant needs 10 gallons of water a day during hot weather.

If you live in a dry and hot climate, then try this tip. Dig beneath your plants before adding rocks or clay-rich soil beneath the planting holes as a means of slowing drainage. Some growers believe that adding polymer crystals to the soil helps improve water retention as these crystals absorb water.

Three Ways to Boost Drainage

Those who live in wetter than average climates need to improve drainage. Marijuana that grows in waterlogged conditions is susceptible to root diseases. Here are three ways to improve the drainage of your soil:

  1. Plant your weed in beds or raised mounds.
  2. Dig ditches to ensure that the water flows away from your plants.
  3. Add clay pebbles, perlite, and gravel to the soil.

If you use tap water, test it first. It could have a significant number of dissolved minerals that build up in the soil and impact the pH level. Alternatively, tap water could contain an excessive amount of chlorine, which is very bad for the soil. Therefore, we recommend filtering the water you use.

Some people use a container garden instead of planting straight into the soil. If you opt for this, bear in mind that they dry out much faster than soil. Therefore, you may have to water your plants daily. Additional watering is also necessary for warm or windy conditions. To avoid overwatering, wait for the top inch of the soil to be dry before adding more. Invest in a soil moisture meter to make things easier.

See also  Forbidden Fruit Weed Seeds

EDITOR’S CHOICE – Homegrown CannabisCo

Homegrown CannabisCo are the masters when it comes to seeds. Offering a massive variety of cannabis seeds that are well categorized, not only does this company create a resource for superb quality options including feminized seeds, it also provides extensive growing information for those looking for some support along their journey.

Step #6: Select Carefully the Type of Container You Need

If this is your first outdoor grow, you may not realize that the surrounding soil is unsuitable for growth until you try and use it. If so, you have no choice but to use container gardens.

Also, when using natural soil, you have to dig holes and amend the soil regularly. For people with debilitating medical conditions, this level of manual labor will prove difficult.

One of the main advantages of container gardens is that you can place them anywhere. Therefore, you can grow your weed on a patio or even on a rooftop. Make sure you move the plants around to make the most of the available sunlight. You can also use store-bought nutrient-rich soil, which simplifies the fertilization process.

Take note that growing the weed in containers will impact the size of the plant. Container-grown marijuana will be smaller because root growth is restricted. In other words, the size of the container determines the size of the plant.

You will have to learn specialized techniques if you wish to grow a few large plants.

Don’t use a container smaller than five gallons. If you want large plants, try 15+ gallon containers. There are even 100-gallon container bags!

If you live in a warm climate, be wary of excessive heat damaging the roots. It is normal for container-grown pots of soil to exceed 90 degrees on a hot day. Always water the plants generously in the morning to ensure they don’t dry out during sweltering afternoons.

Airflow is also critical, so be sure to invest in breathable containers. These enable air to penetrate the root zone quickly and ensure that oxygen gets to the roots. Once marijuana plants breathe in the CO2, the roots use the most with the highest consumption occurring at night.

Step #7: Protect your Cannabis Plants from Pets and Inclement Weather

Outdoor cannabis growers face a significant disadvantage compared to their indoor growing counterparts; outdoor plants are vulnerable to inclement weather. Also, plants grown outdoors are susceptible to attack from pests and pets. Rapid changes in the weather can damage or even kill cannabis plants, while animals and aphids are a constant threat.

Protecting Your Marijuana Plant from Pets & Pests

Don’t just focus solely on bothersome insects. Larger animals such as rodents, dogs, cats, rabbits, deer, and raccoons can damage or eat your crop.

While insects damage your plants over a few days or weeks, larger animals can destroy them in minutes. You must examine your cannabis plants daily.

You should be able to deal with animal threats by surrounding your plants with a high and sturdy wire fence. If you are concerned about birds, you can place netting over the plants.

Threats like moles, who push up from the soil beneath your plants, require extra planning. An excellent way to prevent them from causing damage is by building a fence around 2-3 feet beneath the soil. You can also use deterrents such as urine from predators like coyotes, to ward off rabbits, gophers, and raccoons. Household items such as garlic and castor oil are pretty effective deterrents, too.

Homemade solutions for every g…

It is imperative that you keep your marijuana healthy because blooming plants have a natural resistance to specific pests. You can add ladybugs and lacewings, as these predators keep harmful pests at bay while doing no damage themselves.

Pyrethrum is one of the most popular organic insecticide options. Homemade remedies include combining soap with water and misting your plants with it. Soap and water solution is effective against a mild outbreak

Garlic is useful for fighting beetles. Check your plants daily for signs of infestation and act immediately if you see any issues.

Another method of fighting pests is to grow companion plants. Companion plants are plants of a different species to cannabis that you plant near your crop. Clover, rosemary, basil, and marigold are good choices as they are capable of repelling pests.

Protecting Your Weed from Rain & Wind

High winds are a significant problem for cannabis growers as it can damage the plants. It can break branches, damage trichomes, and leave your weed vulnerable to disease and infestation. Any type of excess strain like this can over-stress the plants, causing the buds to produce seeds. You do not want this to happen.

If your crop is in a windy spot, create a windbreak such as a wall. Alternatively, tying perforated plastic sheeting to garden stakes is also effective.

Although rainwater helps your plants grow, too much of it results in mold and mildew. This problem is at its worst during the flowering stage.

If you live in a wet climate, choose a mold-resistant marijuana strain, and support it with stakes or cages. Otherwise, the rain will collect on buds and leaves, and your plants will be weighed down. Alternatively, try and predict wet spells and be prepared by adding a makeshift shelter to your crop.

Protecting Your Precious Crop from High Temperatures

It is best to maintain the temperature between 55-86 degrees Fahrenheit for as much of the growing cycle as possible. Marijuana plants can survive outside this range for short periods.

However, once the temperature goes below 42 degrees Fahrenheit, most varieties of cannabis will be damaged quickly. If excessively cold temperatures are a problem, use protection such as cold frames, hot caps, or cloches.

Step #8: Choose the Right Genetics

It’s essential to first consider your climate because it will dictate the kind of marijuana strain you’re able to grow. If you live in an area with a history of cannabis growing, find out what strains people have grown. There is also a good possibility that there are strains available explicitly for that climate.

Picking the Right Marijuana Strains for Your Climate

Whether you like it or not, certain strains don’t grow well in specific climates. No matter how much care and attention you give your crop, its yield will always be disappointing.

It is important to remember that cannabis plants start flowering as the days get shorter. This is why growing marijuana in northern latitudes is a problem. Your cannabis will flower. However, the process happens too late to get the most from the sun in late summer.

Southern California growers can grow these strains and not worry about late flowering due to plentiful sunshine. Growers in British Columbia, on the other hand, won’t achieve a decent yield because they won’t finish flowering until December. By that time, the lack of light, cold weather, and heavy rainfall will probably have killed the plant.

Cannabis Seeds vs. Clones – Choosing the Best Seeds on the Market

The best genes equal the best marijuana. Marijuana with good genetics not only smells and tastes fantastic but is also extremely potent.

Indoor growers tend to grow their marijuana from clones, while outdoor growers prefer to grow from seed. You can get quality buds using either method, and they both have their advantages and drawbacks.


If you elect to clone, you need a mother plant. It’s possible to buy clones from your local dispensary. However, bear in mind, clones require at least 16 hours of light a day to ensure that they don’t flower.

All clones are female plants that have the same traits, and they are known for producing premium quality weed.

You must root the clones indoors before they are ‘hardened off.’ This is the process of moving a plant outdoors for a few hours a day. This method gradually exposes them to air, cold nights, and sunlight.

The main downside to using clones is that they produce small yields. If you want a more abundant harvest, you have to grow the clones indoors during the winter and early spring. Cloned plants never develop the thick central taproot that goes into the ground, which stabilizes the plant and consumes groundwater. As a result, they are vulnerable to drought and windy conditions.


Plants grown from seed offer larger yields and are more robust in the face of inclement weather conditions. You can plant these seeds in the garden in the spring, even if it is still cold and wet outside. Another option is to begin the growing process indoors, but they have to be hardened off eventually before they are transplanted.

The chief downside to growing from seed is that the outcome is less predictable than it is with clones. If you don’t choose an inbred seed line, you could end up with a different plant to the one you expected. Also, cannabis seeds produce males and females. This means you have to sex your plants when they achieve sexual maturity. This process involves culling the male plants. You can avoid this issue by purchasing feminized seeds.

One other option for outdoor growing is auto-flowering seeds. As soon as they reach maturity, these plants begin to bloom irrespective of the length of the days. If you live in a temperate climate, you will benefit from two crops every year by using auto-flowering seeds. Simply plant one crop in late winter (or even early spring), and another at the beginning of summer.

Step #9: Cut Your Cannabis Plants Carefully

You can use training tools such as screens and ties to ensure the plants grow in a specific shape. You need to prune your plants if you’re concerned about height control; an essential element of low-key growing!

Make sure you trim your plants regularly to help them attain optimum growth. Get rid of unnecessary cannabis cuttings because leaving dead leaves and branches will only attract pests. Pruning also enables you to shape your plant. If you see new shoots that are not growing properly, take a pair of pruning scissors and trim them away. This will help your plants develop bigger buds.

The type of strain you’re growing dictates the duration of flowering. For example, most sativa strains will go through the full growth and flowering cycle in a little over three months.

Lastly, make sure female plants are not exposed to males. Otherwise, pollination could occur – a process that decreases the quality of the harvest. If your strain begins flowering during a wet season, excess moisture exposure could prove troublesome. In this instance, find shelter for the plants to prevent mold and mildew growth.

Step #10: Grow, Enjoy, Repeat!

Most cannabis strains are ready for harvest between the end of September and the first week or two of October. Although, this does depend on the strain and climate conditions. Monitor pistil and trichome formation to gain a better idea of when your plants are ready for harvesting.

The growing process can take anywhere from two months to 8+ months. Your plants are ready to be harvested when approximately 70% of its pistils turn from white to a reddish-brown color. If the pistils are turning red, harvest immediately!

Other signs that it is time to harvest include brown resin on the buds, a broader stem, and if the leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow and die back.

The plant’s trichomes should have turned an opaque white color at this stage, too. This is a good indication that they are fully mature and ready for harvesting.

Experienced growers also recommend keeping an eye out for a change in color in the plant’s stigma. A good sign that the plant is ready for harvesting is when the stigma changes in color from white to orange. However, most growers agree that the most accurate method to determine when it is time to harvest is to wait until the trichomes have turned opaque white.

You must be careful not to wait too long to harvest because marijuana plants suffer a decline in health once they have completed the flowering phase.

Is There a Precise Time to Harvest?

It is impossible to provide a ‘precise’ time to harvest. Most experts believe that you should harvest an indica strain eight weeks after flowering. Sativas usually require harvesting ten weeks after flowering. Strains that come from auto-flowering seeds should take ten weeks to grow from seedling to bud. These are just simple guides, however.

When harvesting outdoors, make sure you have the requisite tools. When it’s time, bring sealable bags. We recommend carrying a holdall if you use Ziploc bags for added security. Cut the marijuana plants into lengths that make them easy to transport. In other words, make sure they fit in your bags!

Congratulations! You have successfully grown a healthy and hearty batch of marijuana. We would love to tell you that it’s time to light up and celebrate. However, there are a few more key things you have to do first. Most pertinently, curing and drying the buds.

Once you have a successful harvest under your belt, move onto the next stage with our article on Drying and Curing Cannabis Buds.

EDITOR’S CHOICE – Homegrown CannabisCo

Homegrown CannabisCo are the masters when it comes to seeds. Offering a massive variety of cannabis seeds that are well categorized, not only does this company create a resource for superb quality options including feminized seeds, it also provides extensive growing information for those looking for some support along their journey.