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U.S. Food and Drug Administration

What You Should Know About Using Cannabis, Including CBD, When Pregnant or Breastfeeding

FDA strongly advises against the use of cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and marijuana in any form during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

Cannabis and Cannabis-derived products have become increasingly available in recent years, with new and different types of products appearing all the time. These products raise questions and concerns for many consumers. And if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you might have even more questions about whether these products are safe for you.

FDA strongly advises against the use of cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and marijuana in any form during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

What are cannabis, marijuana, hemp, THC and CBD?

Cannabis is a plant of the Cannabaceae family and contains more than eighty biologically active chemical compounds. The most commonly known compounds are THC and CBD. One type of cannabis plant is marijuana, which contains varying levels of THC, the compound that produces the “high” that is often associated with marijuana. Another type of cannabis plant is hemp. Hemp plants contain extremely low amounts of THC. CBD, which does not produce a “high,” can be derived from either marijuana or hemp.

We are now seeing CBD-containing products everywhere. CBD can be found in many different products, like drugs, foods, products marketed as dietary supplements, and cosmetics. These products often make questionable health promises about CBD.

FDA wants you to know there may be serious risks to using cannabis products, including those containing CBD, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

What do we know about the effects of marijuana use during pregnancy and while breastfeeding?

There are many potential negative health effects from using marijuana and other products containing THC during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. In fact, the U.S. Surgeon General recently advised consumers that marijuana use during pregnancy may affect fetal brain development, because THC can enter the fetal brain from the mother’s bloodstream. The Surgeon General also advised that marijuana may increase the risk of a newborn with low birth weight. Research also suggests increased risk for premature birth and potentially stillbirth 1 .

While breastfeeding, it is important to know that breastmilk can contain THC for up to six days after use. This THC may affect a newborn’s brain development and result in hyperactivity, poor cognitive function, and other long-term consequences.

Additionally, marijuana smoke contains many of the same harmful components as tobacco smoke. Neither marijuana nor tobacco products should be smoked around a baby or children.

What do we know about the effects of CBD use during pregnancy and while breastfeeding?

There is no comprehensive research studying the effects of CBD on the developing fetus, pregnant mother, or breastfed baby. FDA is continuing to collect and study the data on the possible harmful effects of CBD during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. However, based on what we do know, there is significant cause for concern.

High doses of CBD in pregnant test animals have caused problems with the reproductive system of developing male fetuses 2 . In addition, based on what we already know about CBD, we expect that some amount of CBD will be transferred to babies through breast milk.

We also know that there is a potential for CBD products to be contaminated with substances that may pose a risk to the fetus or breastfed baby, including THC. We have also heard reports of CBD potentially containing other contaminants (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals, bacteria, and fungus); we are investigating this.

Moreover, CBD has known risks for people in general. Based on clinical studies in humans, risks can include the following:

  • liver toxicity (damage)
  • extreme sleepiness
  • harmful interactions with other drugs

FDA is studying the effects of CBD use from different angles, such as: (1) the use of CBD-containing products, like food, cosmetics, or supplements, over a person’s entire life; and (2) the effects of using these various products in combination. There are many unanswered questions about the science, safety, and quality of products containing CBD.

We especially want to learn more about the effects of CBD during pregnancy and while breastfeeding, including, for example, whether and to what extent the presence of CBD in human milk harms the breastfed baby or the mother’s milk production.

Has FDA approved any CBD products and are there any benefits?

FDA has not approved any CBD products except for one prescription drug to treat rare, severe forms of seizure disorders in children. It is still unclear whether CBD has any other benefits.

Other than the one approved prescription drug, CBD products have not been evaluated or approved by FDA for use as drug products. This means that we do not know:

  • if they are safe and effective to treat a particular disease
  • what, if any, dosage may be considered safe
  • how they could interact with other drugs or foods
  • whether they have dangerous side effects or other safety concerns

The clinical studies that supported the approval of the one available CBD drug product identified risks related to the use of CBD, including liver toxicity (damage), extreme sleepiness, and harmful interactions with other drugs.

What about hemp seeds?

FDA recently completed an evaluation of some hemp seed-derived food ingredients and had no objections to the use of these ingredients in foods. THC and CBD are found mainly in hemp flowers, leaves, and stems, not in hemp seeds. Hemp seeds can pick up miniscule amounts of THC and CBD from contact with other plant parts, but these amounts are low enough to not raise concerns for any group, including pregnant or breastfeeding mothers.

What should you remember about using cannabis or cannabis-derived products?

If you are considering using cannabis, or any products containing THC or CBD, you should be aware of the following:

  • FDA strongly advises that during pregnancy and while breastfeeding, you avoid using CBD, THC, or marijuana in any form.
  • Although many of these products are being sold, FDA has not approved these products, other than one prescription CBD drug product and two prescription drug products containing dronabinol, a synthetic version of THC (which are approved to treat certain side effects of HIV-AIDS or chemotherapy). All three of these prescription products have associated risks and side effects.
  • Always talk with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist before taking any medicines, vitamins, or herbs while pregnant or breastfeeding.

Do not put yourself or your baby at risk by using cannabis products while pregnant or breastfeeding. Check out these links to learn more about cannabis, marijuana, CBD, and THC, and about taking medicines while you are pregnant.

FDA strongly advises against the use of cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and marijuana in any form during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

is hemp seed safe during pregnancy

Follow-up research conducted in California also found no developmental problems in the babies of mothers who consumed THC.

Are CBD and Hemp Oil Safe During Pregnancy?

Many expectant mothers are interested in the concept of turning to hemp or CBD products during pregnancy in order to control the signature unpleasant symptoms that come along with it. But since medical professionals do not recommend the use of CBD during pregnancy, is hemp oil safe?

We’ve deconstructed some of the conversations surrounding CBD oil and pregnancy, plus a few pieces of research that has been conducted so far. Let’s jump in.

Confusion About CBD vs THC Remains

CBD has been shown to have a good safety profile overall in research, but that research hasn’t extended to how it could affect a fetus.

Many substances are capable of crossing the placenta and affecting your growing baby, even if they’re perfectly safe for the mother to consume.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists advises against using products that are made from industrial hemp’s infamous, intoxicating cousin, though that may have to do with its high THC content, which CBD does not contain.

We currently need more research on how CBD from industrial hemp could affect pregnant mothers and their babies. This has been hindered by the fact that there’s commonly a lack of clarity around the differences between hemp and its cousin, and how the former won’t get you high while the latter does.

A 2014 study suggested that THC exposure during pregnancy negatively affects brain development in both humans and mice. This led to wider concerns about cannabinoid consumption during pregnancy, in general.

As fetal development involves many specifically-timed signals and processes, THC may impair it in some ways. THC use has also been linked with low birth weight and premature deliveries. However, a review of research found that there was no significant risk of these when results were adjusted for factors such as tobacco use.

Contradictions to the Negative Effects of CBD and Pregnancy on Newborns

Contradicting the 2014 study is a six-year, controlled study on Jamaican mothers and their children. This found that the mothers using THC had babies who were more socially responsive, less irritable, and more alert and stable.

However, these better scores were caused by higher educational attainment and financial independence among users. Nineteen of the 33 users reported that it supported a steady appetite throughout the day; 15 said that it helped them support ideal energy levels. Participants also stated that they found relief from the stress and feelings of desperation associated with raising children in poverty.

Follow-up research conducted in California also found no developmental problems in the babies of mothers who consumed THC.

The endocannabinoid system, a system of chemicals produced by our own bodies similar to cannabinoids and the receptors that respond to both, is present from the early embryonic stage. Even when an embryo is only two cells, it still has cannabinoid receptors.

Because there is insufficient research concerning CBD use and pregnancy, it’s best to avoid consuming CBD while pregnant.

In a study on mouse embryos, THC, but not CBD, stopped the development of embryos that were less than 8 cells. However, one of our own cannabinoids, anandamide, also stopped early embryos from developing. CBD exerts some of its results by increasing levels of anandamide, so it may have negative effects on embryonic development.

It must be remembered that this was a 1995 study on mice, so it may not translate to humans. On the other hand, many of the Jamaican women in the study above were “roots daughters” who consumed THC every day, including during the earliest weeks of pregnancy.

Not Enough Research

Right now, we don’t have sufficient evidence or research to support CBD’s safety during pregnancy. This doesn’t mean that it’s not safe–just simply that it hasn’t been researched enough to confirm whether it is or isn’t.

As a result, there’s still so much that we don’t know, so it’s safest to avoid consuming CBD products when you’re pregnant or trying to become pregnant.

When in doubt, ask your doctor before starting any dietary supplement, especially if you’re pregnant or are going to start trying soon. They can advise you on what you should and shouldn’t be taking, and if you’re currently using CBD, they may be able to offer alternative recommendations.

CBD-Free Ways to Ease Pregnancy Discomforts

It seems like the ultimate irony that CBD–which could be highly effective at easing the discomforts that can come with pregnancy–shouldn’t be used while you’re pregnant until we know more about its safety.

Fortunately, there are other natural remedies and alternative treatments that you can use to ease some of the side effects that come with pregnancy which have been more thoroughly researched.

Morning Sickness

Morning sickness, for example, may be eased by ginger tea, sucking on a peppermint, or using lemon-scented aromatherapy. Sea-bands and psi wristbands may also be useful at reducing persistent nausea, and opting for blander foods to get through rough patches in the first trimester may be a good choice. And, as strange as it sounds, eating a little throughout the day can actually help keep nausea at bay (some moms warn against letting yourself go too long without a snack!).

Heartburn

Those safer, blander foods will be helpful throughout the pregnancy if you’re struggling with heartburn. Avoid heartburn triggers, particularly before bed, skipping out on carbonated drinks and spicy or greasy foods. Consider finishing meals with soothing drinks like warm milk, which can neutralize acid, and make sure that you’re leaving enough time before bed after eating.

Headaches

Hormone-induced headaches may be improved by a massage, adding a cool compress to your forehead, or even relaxation techniques like deep breathing and yoga.

If you’re experiencing regular, severe headaches during pregnancy, make sure you tell your doctor at your next appointment. It could be caused by preeclampsia, which is caused by high blood pressure and will need to be treated or monitored.

Constipation

Constipation can be a frustrating part of pregnancy, especially if it leads to hemorrhoids. Make sure you’re getting enough fiber to prevent or reduce this, eating plenty of vegetables and plant-based proteins. Drinking plenty of water can help, as can soaking in a warm tub for 10-15 minutes a day. You can also use witch hazel wipes to soothe the area, but avoid other scented or dyed products.

Getting up to walk around after dinner can also help with digestion, easing both heartburn and constipation at the same time. Kegels will also help prepare your pelvic floor for birth while simultaneously increase circulation to the affected area and possibly help with hemorrhoids.

Aches & Discomfort

Sore backs and physical discomfort can appear during all trimesters, and typically becomes more pronounced during the last trimester for some women. This is normal, as a woman’s body will go through drastic changes to support her baby.

Soaking in a pool or a warm bath may help with muscle soreness and cramping, and a prenatal massage with lavender oil can also be useful. Regular stretching and taking prenatal exercise classes can prevent and reduce discomfort. There are also great products available to help you sleep and soothe aches like pregnancy pillows.

The Bottom Line: More Research is Needed

It’s possible that cannabinoids have been consumed by pregnant woman over the years and throughout history, but we don’t currently have enough information about its safety for the mother or her fetus to determine whether or not it should be used by pregnant mothers today. Until we have that research, it’s best to talk to your doctor about alternative remedies that have undergone more testing.

Are you interested in taking advantage of topical, CBD-free hemp skin and hair care? Our Sativa products are safe to use during pregnancy, and can provide some valuable self-care to expecting moms. Check out the full line here.

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Hemp oil pregnancy | You did not know that yet!

When you are a Mrs Pregnant, you always ask yourself what is acceptable and what is not. This is the case with medicines, but also, for example, whether one is still allowed to consume CBD oil? Or what about cannabis seeds, Medihemp and hemp oil? You can read a lot on the subject, but it’s confusing. In the following the attempt of an enlightenment to the topic.

You want to try CBD? Here we show you products that have been tested and approved by us – guaranteed cheap, compatible and high quality:

There are different opinions

That speaks for a taking during pregnancy

What to do now?

There is no consensus as to whether hemp oils should be take during pregnancy or not. Rather, there are different arguments. Unfortunately, there is no final research on this topic yet. The European Union’s investigations are not clear here either, but rather advise caution. For this reason you should only consume it if you have consulted your gynaecologist beforehand.

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Welcome!

Jeffrey Cory, Author

For some time now, we have been striving to live as healthily as possible and to be as little dependent as possible on the pharmaceutical industry. This means that we want to live healthily and at best never want to be able to rely on drugs. A few months ago, we set out to find a natural remedy that would help people relax and relieve pain.

Follow-up research conducted in California also found no developmental problems in the babies of mothers who consumed THC. Are CBD and Hemp Oil Safe